The negative effects of hard water can be reversed through the use of softened water. A water softener works on the principal of “cation exchange,” in which ions of the hardness minerals are exchanged for sodium or potassium ions, effectively reducing the concentration of hardness minerals to insignificant levels. The exchange is accomplished in a tank, using a “resin” of tiny beads made from a special plastic material.
After a period of use, the sodium or potassium ions are completely exchanged and the unit has to be “backwashed” or “regenerated.” This requires the use of sodium or potassium chloride, which is loaded into a “brine tank” and dissolved to form a briny liquid used to recharge the system. There are two types of water softeners:
An automatic water softener is equipped with a timer, which starts the regeneration process at preset intervals. This usually occurs when water use is minimal, such as the early morning hours.
- Demand Initiated Regeneration (DIR)
Instead of regenerating at a preset interval, DIR units use sensors or meters to regenerate when soft water runs out. Because they adjust to the amount of water actually used, DIR units consume up to 50 % less salt and water than preset automatic softeners.
I recently had an install done by Alex & Kwesi and they were wonderful and left my home immaculate. They brought everything they needed to do difficult work because it was in a crawl space. Everyone on the phone is always so courteous, and appointments are always kept. Dave is also very helpful.
Mike is such a wonderful, nice and helpful young man. I wish Mike could come to my house all the time, including for salt deliveries.
Mike was at my home today and I wanted to call to make sure that he got recognized for superior service. He is an excellent tech, knowledgeable and thorough – he deserves an honorable mention!
Tyler was at my home today and did an outstanding job. His demeanor and servitude stood out. He has a ton dedication and enthusiasm. I will be a Portasoft customer forever.
Alex did an install at my home today. He has so nice, a delight to have in my home!
“Paul was just at our home for salt delivery. He was very good and organized. I am very happy with the service. Thank you!”